Tag Archives: windows

Common Features with Linux and Windows

Windows and Linux have many common features allowing both operating systems to effective and complete. The following are some of the biggest similarities shared between the two:

Alt + Tab Keys

Microsoft introduced Alt + Tab key feature back with Windows 1.0 in their year 1985. Back then, this feature was called “CoolSwitch” however it was later changed in Windows 95 to “Task Switcher” and for Windows Vista “Windows Flip”. Thanks to the usefulness of this feature, Linux later incorporated a version of their own into their operating system.

Users Account

For both productivity and organization, both give great control with user accounts. Users can create a different account for work, home, play, and also one for administration to make managing their accounts simple. This is a great feature for both operating systems.

Task View

It tends to be always said that one operating system steals features from another. Linux took Alt + Tab from Windows, but Task View began with them first.

Linux users were given awesome features for window management in 2006 with Compiz. This included the ability to spread any open windows across the screen and switching between them easily with just a click. Something similar was introduced in Windows 10 with the Task View feature. Users can get a quick look using shortcut Windows key + Tab. This feature is indispensable for users with several active apps. 


Software availability is one of the larger differences between Linux and Windows. Many commercial games and business apps run on the Windows operating system only. Also, there are many exclusive apps for Linux. However, this exclusiveness no longer matters for many users with cross-platform software.

For the rare instances when an app is found that is available on one platform, an alternative is easily found.

Desktop OS and Server OS

Many people think of Windows as a desktop OS while Linux is more for servers. In fact, these OS can be used for both purposes.

Since the year 2003 Windows Server has been used and has upgrades approximately every 4 years. Windows Server 2016 is Microsoft latest version. Several businesses use this version of Windows Server with great stability.

Additionally, many people use Linux for only writing papers or email and not as a server.

Vulnerabilities with Security with Linux

First and foremost, security with Windows is better than what many believe. Also, many people assume Linux is more secure than what it actually is.

Yes, Linux is safer than Microsoft Windows. Additionally, the amount of malware Windows computers receive has reduced in recent years.

With effective antivirus software, both these operating systems share the same amount of security issues.

Whether you use one or another, you are sure to find needed features.

2016 Best Security Suites

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Security Suites for 2016

The best one of the security suites is needed today when one of our major concerns are cyber threats. With an all-in-one security suite, you should find all the features needed to keep your PC secure. Some security suites offer more features than others, with some optional and not necessary.

Features Looked for in Best Security Suites

When looking at Security Suites, the first thing to look at is its antivirus protection. Without this, there is no security for your PC. Another feature to look for is the firewall protection. Some security suites assume Windows Firewall handles what you want with a firewall, skipping this component.

Some suites include spam filters. Which you want a filter that does the job properly and not sifts out an important email message you’ve been waiting for. With reviewing Security Suites, letting spam into an email inbox is better than tossing valid mail away.

Privacy protection is crucial, and when security suites turn users away from phishing sites, it can be helpful. However, some also provide protection for specific sensitive data, such as bank accounts. By entering in this information, and the alarm is sounded with some, while offer credit card protection. There are some with a secure browser for you to do online banking.

Bitdefender Internet Security 2016

This security suite comes out on top with a combination of the best antivirus, antispam, and antiphishing features along with many other integrated security items. With a password manager, parental control, secure browser, unobtrusive firewall, Bitdefender manages to keep your PC safe without bogging it down. For secure online financial transactions, be sure to use SafePay.

Kaspersky Internet Security (2017)

Kaspersky Internet Security (2017) is one of the best at keeping both your PC and devices safe. Software updates automatically, spam filter, phishing protection, no-fuss firewall, great parental control, and many bonus features.

Symantec Norton Security Premium

Protect up to 10 devices, 25GB of hosted online backup, along with the best parental control system with this security suite. Intelligent firewall, cross-platform, spam filter, password manager, top-scoring malicious URL blocking, antiphishing, system optimization tools, with an ability to run with no-hassle and high performance.

McAfee Internet Security (2016)

McAfee Internet Security (2016) is cross-platform protection ensuring every device in your household stays safe. This security suite is loaded with features and includes ones found in McAfee antivirus. Expect awesome spam filtering, award-winning True Key password protection with a multifactor authentication not to mess with, and parental controls.

Webroot SecureAnywhere Internet Security Complete (2016)

This security suite is extremely powerful with unusual antivirus, system optimization, as well as 25GB hosted online backup, and your system resources will not be lagged down. Some features include Web Shield, USB Shield, and PUP Shield, antiphishing, anti-ransomware, along with the ability to erase online activity traces.

These are the best Security Suites available for 2016. These vary on features and cost but essentially offer the same amount of virus protection.

Best Tablets for Windows of 2016

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Get These Tablets That are Rated the Best of 2016

With Windows 10 now here on tablets, focus for them to double as our PC keeps growing. There is a wide range of devices, where simple tablets are no longer your only option. No matter what needs you are looking for in a tablet, there is one available with Windows 10 as the operating system. Before heading out for that new Windows tablet, check out what is hot so far this year.

1) Surface Pro 4

Undoubtedly, the best Windows tablet available. Surface Pro 4 may be costlier than other tablets, but worth it with the built in quality it comes with. Microsoft outdid themselves with a sharper and larger screen than before and a feeling like typing on a real laptop with an island that’s redesigned. After using the Surface Pro 4, you may want to give up your laptop.

2.4GHz Intel Core i5 CPU – Intel HD Graphics 520 – 8GB RAM – 256GB SSD Storage – 12.3” Display

2) HP Spectre x2

There is a resemblance between Microsoft’s Surface Pro 4 and HP’s Spectre x2, but HP weighs less and is thinner. This is due a processor with no fan powering it, the Intel Core M. This tablet includes a keyboard, and comes at a cost quite less than Surface Pro 4. HP Spectre x2 has a battery life that is efficient, allowing you more time for work or play than on other model tablets.

1.2GHz Intel Core m7 CPU – Intel HD Graphics 515 – 8GB RAM – 256GB SSD Storage – 12” Display

3) Surface 3

If you are looking for something less that what Surface Pro 4 offers, check out what Surface 3 provides. Smaller than the 12” form with a display of 10.8”, this tablet is an excellent tablet rather than a laptop replacement. Surface 3 provides you with a quiet, lighter solution at a more affordable price.

1.6GHz Quad Core Intel Atom CPU – Integrated Intel HD Graphics – 4GB RAM – 128GB SSD Storage – 10.8” Display

4) HP Pavilion x2

An extremely affordable Windows tablet. HP Pavilion x2 is a 10” convertible tablet, with lots of punch. This tablet is equipped with an HD screen, making editing photos a simple task. HP Pavilion x2 has plenty of power to see you through an entire day of simple web browsing. Take the 10” works off when you feel like relaxing with streaming media. No need to stick with 10” of the screen if you’re looking for more, check out HP Pavilion x2 12” model.

1.33GHz Intel Atom CPU – Intel HD Graphics – 2GB RAM – 32GB eMMC Storage – 10.1” Display

No need to change operating systems when purchasing a tablet, one with Windows 10 is all you’ll need.

Tired of Windows? Newbie Mac Keyboard Tips

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Mac Navigation is Different From PC

Switching to a Mac after being a Window user can be a shocker for many users. Windows shortcuts which you have been accustomed to using no longer work, helpful keys are missing from the Mac keyboard such as End and Home. Functions of Apple’s ctrl key are unlike Windows.

No need to worry! In no time at all your memory will adjust to the Mac keyboard, and when you understand some simple differences between Windows and Mac, expect it to be quicker.

Equivalent to Window Keys

On Mac, command or cmd key, located on either side of the spacebar is equivalent to Windows Control key. Several Window shortcuts work on Mac as well when cmd is used instead of Control. For example, Windows shortcuts for cut-copy-paste is ctrl+x, ctrl+c, ctrl+v and when used on Mac they become cmd+x, cmd+c, and cmd+v. 

There is a key named control (ctrl) on OS X. This is placed between option and fn keys on the spacebars left. Mac’s ctrl key is used for some keyboard shortcuts you soon will discover.

(Windows) Alt+Tab = (OS X) Command+Tab

Switching applications on Mac with cmd+tab is just as simple as it was on Windows with Alt+Tab. With OS X cmd key in the same location as Windows alt key, this shortcut is already memorized for you.

(Windows) Home/End = (OS X) Command+Arrow Keys

Mac keyboards are missing the helpful Home and End keys which are located on PC keyboards. For Home use cmd+left arrow and for End use cmd+right arrow. Using cmd+down arrow to bring you to a selections bottom and to go the beginning use cmd+up arrow. 

Using Enter on OS X to Rename Files

When working on Windows, hitting the Enter key opens the file in the default application. When hitting Enter on Mac while having a folder or file selected allows it to be renamed. When selecting cmd+o the file can be opened by use of the keyboard.

(Windows) Alt = (OS X) Option

The option key is one that will be used often, giving the ability to type special symbol, diacritical marks, and characters. Many but not all shortcuts using alt on Windows are replaced with option. 

There are hidden options you are given access to by way of the option key. For example, using a Word document, if you open the File menu and hold down the option key, there is a new option available – Save As… – when option key is released this new option goes away.

This is just a handful of handy Mac shortcuts available to you. A Mac keyboard may feel strange to you as of now, but after first few weeks of use, you will feel right at home. Of course, if you need a refresher for PC shortcuts, here is the list you can follow.

Troubleshooting Memory Leaks or Low RAM Issues in Windows

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Troubleshoot Common RAM Issues

Throughout the last several years RAM amount available has increased on personal computers. Memory usage increases due to many factors, and laptops are commonly shipped with 8 GB RAM.

The capabilities of your system are limited by how much RAM is being used. What should you do when experiencing low RAM or a memory leak?

About RAM

Random Access Memory or RAM, is a type of storage, which is different than a hard-drive. This storage is not maintained when systems are powered down. You likely have 2-8 GB RAM, depending on the age of your system.

What Uses RAM

Some RAM is used for every application opened on a device, some using more than others. The performance of a system is limited by how much RAM is available and how much is in use.

Checking What Is Using RAM

Task manager is one of the several programs allowing your to check what you RAM is being used on. Right-click on Taskbar and select Task Manager. Click on Processes. Here you will see each process using RAM, with the cumulative system usage shown at the bottom of the panel. Clicking on the Performance tab shows a system overview, where you can see CPU Usage and Memory.

If not happy with Task Manager, access Resource Manager in the Performance Tab. Look under the Memory tab for a look at active memory processes.

Commonly Seen RAM Issues

RAM can be fast and efficient, most times, but there are some issues that are commonly seen that have easy fixes.

System is Slow When Several Programs Opened

The reason could be resource heavy applications using all available RAM. If you see this issue often, it is recommended to purchase and install more RAM.

Plenty of RAM But System Is Slow

This can have different meanings on different systems or software being used.

An example would be in 2014, Mozilla Firefox browser had a memory leak issue. A memory leak is when RAM memory allocations are managed incorrectly by an application, causing unneeded memory to be retained by the application, store objects that are no longer able to be reached in the memory. Either way, system memory can be drained completely by the application. If you believe a memory leak is using all your RAM, give this a try. Open Task Manager > Performance tab. Keep open Task Manager, and open most commonly used applications one at a time, monitoring it for about 1-2 hours. If you notice the blue line in Physical Memory Usage Graph rising continually when you are not using the system, there may be a memory leak. This is one of the RAM issues that can be found.

Get the facts on RAM and ROM here.

This covers only a few memory issues and explains what a memory leak is. If you still have issues or are unsure what to do, bring your computer to a professional.

2016 Best Gaming Laptops

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What gamers want in their laptop differs from what a business user or social user would want. Gamers are willing to give up slim and lightweight for some raw processing power. To get this power, parts must capable of handling it, leading to bigger parts. Gaming laptops are important to have for many games.

Although gaming laptops are not full match yet to a full tricked-out desktop rig, they do have some great choices.

These gaming laptops have serious gamers in mind, with useful hardware and high frame rates. Each have a great amount of RAM and high-end graphics to help bring your game to life.

Alienware 17 ANW17-7500SLV 17.3-Inch

Alienware is known for their awesome appearance and great performance. This laptop has backlit keyboard, several ports including five 3.0 USB port, an Ethernet port, an SD card, HDMI port, and mini display port.

Main Specs:

Intel Corei7 – 4410HQ 2.5 GHZz


1000 GB 5400 RPM Hard Drive, 16 GB DDR3, 128GB Solid State Drive

17.3” Touch Screen Display, Full-HD

ASUS ROG G751JT-CH71 17.3-Inch

New coming into the gaming laptop field, with capabilities of maxing all titles out with little effort. Although, lacks an SSD has better performance than many competitors.

Main Specs:

Intel Core i7 4710HQ 2.20 GHz



16GB RAM and 1 TB HDD

MSI GT80 TITAN SLI-001 18.4-inch

This laptop weighs in at 4.5 kg with a thickness of just two inches. This is huge compared to normal laptops, and its big size has been taken advantage of completely.

This laptop sports a sleek, yet sophisticated look. Mechanical keyboard which is red backlit, giving excellent feedback not just for typing but gaming as well.

Main Specs:

Intel Core i7 4720HQ

18.4” 1920×1080


16 GB Memory, 256 GB SSD and 1 TB HDD

Blu-Ray Burner

Alienware 15 ANW15-5357 SLV 15.6-Inch

Another laptop from Alienware for best laptops of 2016, with ANW15-5357 SLV. This laptop not only comes with a premium design, it has powerful hardware to make your gaming experience more real. A great backlit keyboard, numerous LEDs on the surface and a touch pad that glows. Weighing in at 3 kg, even though slimmer than its prequels.

Main Specs:

Intel core i7, 2.5 GHz


1 Terra Byte and 128SSD Storage

15.6-inch Screen LED-lit IPS Screen

Razer Blade 14 RZ09-01301E22-R3U1

Just because this laptop is thin with a light profile, don’t think there isn’t some intense gaming hardware squeezed in this small frame. For serious gamers, this laptop is the ultimate. With backlit keyboard and several 3.0 USB ports.

Main Specs:

Intel Core i7 2.6/3.66 GHz

512 GB Sold-state Drive


14-inch Screen

Laptop for All Gamers

With these gaming laptops, no matter what type of game you are, there is one for you!

Check out the gaming computers of last year, too.

New PC? What You Want To Do Immediately

Keep up with your new PC

Keep up with your new PC

Do These Immediately with a New PC

You just brought home a new PC and that’s great! This box brings to you a full world of potential. If you need help keeping track of finances, having video chats with far away relatives, or jumping on to do some first person shooters, this PC can do it.

Even if possible to jump right on and go, you shouldn’t. There are a couple of tasks that you should do to ensure a faster, safer future when you get your new PC home.

Windows Update

First, Windows needs to be fully updated prior to messing around on the web. Unfortunately, this task can take anywhere from a few minutes up to a few hours, depending on how long that PC was sitting on the shelf.

Be sure your PC is connected to the internet. From Windows 7 and 8, Windows Control Panel > System and Security > Windows Update > Check for Updates. From Windows 10, Settings > Update and security > Check for Updates. Continue until there are no more updates found.

Preferred Browser

Users tend to become familiar with certain browsers, and if Internet Explorer is not one you are comfortable with, you can download whatever one you prefer now.

Windows Security

By default, Windows Defender is enabled when shipped with Windows 8. This security solution is decent, even though an overly detailed. However, some PCs come with preinstalled premium security solution trialware, such as McAfee or Norton and Windows Defender disabled. At end of the trial period if you choose not to purchase it, be sure to reactivate Windows Defender.

Remove Unwanted/Unneeded Programs

Now that you have security in place, it is time to remove unwanted/unneeded programs from your PC. Of course, if your PC was built for you this step can be skipped, but when purchasing a PC from big-name makers, tons of bloatware comes along with it.

A program named PC Decrapifier can do this job for you. This programs completes a scan of your PC for all known bloatware, then with one swoop you are able to delete it. Much faster process than hunting down each individual program through Control Panel, and it is free!

Time for Your Stuff

One reason why you want that old stuff removed from your PC is to make room for your own stuff. This is a job that is totally up to you and quite personal. Put whatever programs you feel you want or need to have that fill your needs on your rig.

Create Image of Hard Drive

It is time for you to make an image of the primary hard drive. This is the one Windows boots from, and then save this to another disk. If you experience problems later on, this prevents you from having to do all these steps over again.


Convenient Windows Tricks Everyone Should Know


Check Out These Easy Windows Tricks

There are so many features within Windows that bring convenience to one’s life, but some people do not know they even exist. Microsoft did not hide them, many people just tend to overlook them.

Alternative Start Menu

With Windows 10 came the big overhaul of the Start Menu, one of the many reasons why someone should upgrade. Many people tend to forget they can right-click on the Start Menu, and this brings up an alternative Start Menu. This has many shortcuts that are quite useful, such as Control Panel, Power Options, and Device Manager.

Bypass Login Screen on Startup

Many people see typing their password each time their PC starts up as an inconvenience, unless of course they are used in public areas. But if you have a desktop or laptop that is unshared and security is not an issue, boot directly into Windows without having to deal with a login screen.

Push Windows Key + R this bring the Run window up. Next, enter netplwiz and push Ok. Go to Users tab, choose your account, and look for option Users must enter a user name and password to use this computer. Unclick box and push Apply. Enter your username and password this one time. This is last time you see this until you re-enable this feature.

Quick Tasks with Windows Keys

Windows keys does more tasks than opening the Start Menu. Example, Win + E opens up Windows Explorer, Win + D shows the desktop and hides all windows, and Win + X open up the alternative Start Menu. One for Windows 10 users Win + C to activate listening mode for Cortana.

Administrator Account Unlocked

During the day of Windows XP and before, Windows had Administrator accounts that full control over the whole system. In Windows 8, Microsoft added User Account Controls, and they no longer had Administrator accounts, which is when the ability “Run as Administrator” was given to us.

However, Administrator accounts are not actually gone, they are just hidden. Keep in mind so unlocking this is a huge security risk.

In the search bar type CMD , on Command Prompt, right-click and then choose Run as Administrator. Next, type this entire line:

net user administrator /active:yes

When you restart your PC or log out next time, you will see you have Administrator account to use. If you plan on using this, set a password. There are security vulnerabilities with this, unless this account is needed for specific reasons it is recommended not to use it as your primary account.

There are many more tricks that are lost or forgotten out there, and more are being discovered all the time! Here are some more you might be interested in!

Share Files and Folders on Windows

Sharing files and folders can be easy.

Sharing files and folders can be easy.

How to Share Files and Folders on Windows

Many people today use email or thumb drives to share files with another computer close by, but there is a way which is better. It is worth the time it might take setting up network file transfers. No matter if you use third party services or Windows systems tools, time can be saved daily with using procedures for network file transfer.

Sharing Solutions Native with Windows

There is no need utilizing solutions from a third party when in need of sharing files or folders on a home network. These are provided with Windows.

Homegroups on Windows 7, 8, and 10

The process can be facilitated with a Homegroup, providing operating systems on all systems have Windows 7, 8, or 10. Physically network these devices, if not done yet.  This means make sure you are on the same local network at home or work.

First, open Homegroup by doing a simple search. Next, you are brought through a procedure for your network, creating a Homegroup, selecting which folders and devices you want shared with other computers within your network.

You will receive a password which is needed to join the Homegroup from other computers. After completed, each user has access to folders in which others set as shared. To begin the process of transfer, files are dragged and dropped into them shared folders.

Cloud Sharing

Cloud services, such as OneDrive or Dropbox is the simplest way of sharing files and folders, there may be a monthly fee depending on your scope of usage.

Dropbox offers Lan Sync functionality which users benefit from if ran on same network. Users can upload and download faster by transferring over a LAN connection with their networked computers, instead of using the web.

This option can be enabled by selecting options cog located on Dropbox system tray icon, clicking on Preferences. Next, go to Bandwidth > LAN Sync and check required box. Large files should transfer easily and quickly, as long as the other user and you both have Dropbox accounts and a network connection.

Using Your Local Network for Sharing Files

BitTorrent Sync is similar to LAN Sync from Dropbox, letting users synchronize folders and files between computers. This is done directly, working completely on your local network, bypassing cloud storage limitations. It is possible for users to automatically sync data in an unlimited amount, when using BitTorrent Sync.

First, on the two systems in which you want to keep sync, install BitTorrent Sync, add folders, set permissions, generate key, link, or QR code, share with target device. After connecting target device, folder is kept in sync, over users LAN network using communication which is device to device. Specific folders are able to be shared with different people when using this method.

With several different ways of sharing files and folders, Windows users no longer need thumb drives, or to mess around with email limitation sizes. Not only that, but you can set the privacy on the files to keep them for only specific individuals eyes.

How to Use Windows Defender on Windows 10


Know how to do a scan on your computer.

Know how to do a scan on your computer.

Online threats exist every day, whether you have Windows 10 from an upgrade, purchased a new Windows 10 personal computer, tablet, or laptop. You need to have protection against these online attackers and one place to begin is right on Windows 10, using Microsoft’s Windows Defender.

Getting Started

If you plan on using Windows Defender or a third party for protection, the security software onboard still needs to be correctly set up until you have your third party protection ready.

Select Start and enter “windows defender” in the box. Choose Windows Defender shown at the top of the results. You will see the apps main interface.

First, as with any security software, Windows Defender needs to be updated. Select the Update tab. Select Update if definitions are not up to date. This should be done on a daily basis.

Next, a scan needs to be ran, which is done in the Home tab. Choose which type of scan you want (initial scan should be Full), now select Scan now.

History and Quarantines

The History tab shows a list of all quarantined items, and a list of items Windows Defender has been instructed by you to ignore. To view these items, choose what kind you want to see, and View details. This shows the name of file, alert level, and released or guaranteed date.

Excluding Items

False positives, directories, files, and applications are able to be excluded from Windows Defender scans. This can be accessed by Settings > Update & security > Windows Defender.

Go down to Exclusions and select Add an exclusion. This is where you are able to add Folders, Files, Processes, and File Types to the exclusion list.

Cloud and Real-Time Protection Configuration

Cloud-based Protection and Real-time protection are found at Settings > Update & security > Windows Defender. Both of these protections are able to be enabled and disabled on this screen. It is recommended to keep both of these settings On.

Windows Defender actively identifies malware and blocks it on your computer with Real-time protection. Cloud-based Protection helps improve detected threat identification by crowd sourcing from all computer with Windows 10 with Windows Defender on. Is it wise to have these enabled, however if turned off for a while, Windows will turn them back on.

There is another option you can enabled called Sample submission. You do not need to have this enabled. When this option is enabled, malware samples are sent to Microsoft.

Disable Windows Defender

If you have third party anti-virus software installed, Windows 10 automatically disables Windows Defender. Until uninstalling or disabling the third party software, it is not possible to change settings in Windows Defender.

Windows Defender or Third Party Software

This depends on what requirements you want. You are protected from most threats with Windows Defender, but paid third party software may have additional benefits you are interested in. Remember, there are always ways to remove viruses, but if you can prevent them then you’re less likely to lose all of your information with a complete computer wipe.